Category: Oral Pathology

Smoking effects on oral health: Bad breath, gum disease, and more

Smoking leads to dental problems, including: Bad breath Tooth discoloration Inflammation of the salivary gland openings on the roof of the mouth Increased build up of plaque and tartar on the teeth Increased loss of bone within the jaw Increased risk of leukoplakia, white patches inside the mouth Increased risk of developing gum disease, a […]

July 23, 2013 | 0 Comments More


The orofacial manifestations of thalassemia are numerous and intense, and are the result of bony changes occurring due to ineffective erythropoiesis, with the formation of a bone-expanding erythroid mass. Important malocclusions are observed as a consequence of severe maxillary protrusion, with the development of overbite and anterior open bite. The mandible is generally less protruded […]

July 15, 2013 | 0 Comments More

Scurvy – Vitamin C Deficiency : Causes

 Scurvy – Vitamin C Deficiency  – Vitamin C is required for the synthesis of collagen in humans. – The chemical name for vitamin C is Ascorbic Acid. Causes: – Scurvy or subclinical scurvy is caused by the lack of vitamin C. In modern Western societies, scurvy is rarely present in adults, although infants and elderly […]

July 14, 2013 | 0 Comments More

Precautions for electric pulp testing

Precautions for electric pulp testing The following precautions should be taken for electric pulp testing. These are as follows: Isolate individual teeth with a small portion of rubber dam if necessary Always record electric pulp test values in the notes — a progressive change in reading over time may indicate declining vitality If results remain […]

April 14, 2012 | 0 Comments More

CROWN FRACTURES : Biologic Consequences & Treatment

CROWN FRACTURES : Biologic Consequences & Treatment CROWN FRACTURES As mentioned previously, the primary aim from an endodontic point of view is to maintain vitality after these types of accidents. Crown infraction (“incomplete fracture or crack of enamel without loss of tooth structure) and uncomplicated crown fracture (“fracture of the enamel only or enamel and […]

December 23, 2011 | 0 Comments More
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