The International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) offers clinical criteria and codes, together with a framework to support and enable personalized comprehensive caries management for improved long-term health outcome. Based on the ICDAS, this publication provides an up-to-date synthesis of the fields of detection, assessment, diagnosis and monitoring of caries. The available evidence is reviewed, and a summary is given of the current international views on best practice of how the information collected can be collated and synthesized to inform the planning, delivery and clinical evaluation of patient-centred, comprehensive caries management. The book includes a unique glossary of key terms developed with a number of international groups and establishes new links between cariology in clinical practice, caries research, dental education and epidemiology, and dental public health. The book presents valuable information for practitioners and other dental health professionals with an interest in dental caries and its modern, evidence-based, clinical management as well as for all involved in the domains of dental public health, caries research or education.